Guns, Germs and Steel
Hi Everybody, I’ve currently finished ” Guns, Germs and Steel ” by Jared Diamond and would definitely like to share the book review =)
This book attempts to provide a short history of everybody for the last 13,000 years.
The question motivating the book is :
Why did history unfold differently on different continents?
We all know that history has proceeded very differently for peoples from different parts of the globe. In the 13,000 years since the end of the last Ice Age, some parts of the world developed literate industrial societies with metal tools, other parts developed only non-literate farming societies, and still others retained societies of hunter-gatherers with stone tools. Those historical inequalities have coast long shadows on the modern world, because the literate societies with metal tools have conquered or exterminated the other societies. While those differences constitute the most basic fact of world history, the reason for them remain uncertain and controversial.
Let’s up to the starting line, fossils indicate that the evolutionary of human had achieved a substantially upright posture many years ago, then began to increase in body size and in relative brain size (Ancient people tend to have smaller brain size). The protohumans are generally known as Australopithecus africanus, Homo habilis, and Homo erectus.
And now, let’s proceed to the questions about the rise of food production. Where, when, and how did food production develop in different parts of the globe? Only a few areas of the world developed food production independently, and they did so at widely differing times. The people of areas with a head start on food production thereby gained a head start on the path leading towards guns, germs, and steel. How can we explain these geographic differences in the times and modes of beginning of food production? (Find out more from the book peeps! hehe .. )
Since the book have traced how food production arose in a few centers, and how it spread at unequal rates from there to other areas; The book then explore how ultimate cause of food production led to proximate causes of germs, literacy, technology, and centralized government. Personally I think, it’s fascinating to actually explore the origin of human civilization. For instance, when it starts, how it starts, where it starts ..etc. Questions on how China became Chinese, how Africa became black (out of curiosity)
World history is indeed such an Onion! But that peeling back of the onion’s layers is fascinating, challenging – and of overwhelming importance to us today, as we seek to grasp our past’s lessons for our future!